Nowadays, there are a lot of countries that legalized LGBT. So that’s really good, that’s the first step toward equalities. But I guess, like every other case, equalities are a very hard thing to achieve. On paper (written), there are many countries that equal and fair. Countries like United States, Netherlands, etc are fairly equal among their people. But in the reality, most of the time, equality isn’t there. The most inequality cases that keeping buzzing my mind is the inequality for LGBT people. In a survey conducted in 2015, nearly ⅓ of LGB youth have considered suicide in their initial year. This is clearly the consequences of inequality that they have experienced. To know more about the inequality that they have been experiencing, these are the data that I got from YRBS=
- 10% were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property
- 34% were bullied on school property
- 28% were bullied electronically
- 23% of LGB students who had dated or went out with someone during the 12 months before the survey had experienced sexual dating violence in the prior year
- 18% of LGB students had experienced physical dating violence
- 18% of LGB students had been forced to have sexual intercourse at some point in their lives.
This data is different with heterosexual or non-LGBT people. The same study claim that only 6% of heterosexual youth consider suicide compared to 29% LGBT youth that consider suicide. This is clearly a very serious issue that if not being overcome could affect all of us in the long run. So this issue needs to be solved and prevented. But before solving anything, we need to know what’s the root cause of the problem. The answers are prejudice, stereotype, that lead to discrimination. If any case, you are confused between prejudice, stereotype, and discrimination these are the simple explanation =
- Prejudice = The negative and Unjustified attitude that a person has toward an individual. A person who has a negative attitude toward a person may be polite toward the prejudiced person. Because he/she decided to not act upon they prejudiced view.
- Stereotype = The schema of the conclusion of what you know toward a stimulus. For example, when every homosexual people that you know are rude people, then your schema toward homosexual people are rude people.
- Discrimination = The act or behavior of treating a person differently judging on his/her gender, class, etc.
So, how to reduce prejudice, stereotype, and discrimination toward LGBT person? These are several ideas that I have in mind. To solve this case, I divided the ideas into 2 categories, long-term, and short-term.
Strict control by institutions = This is more remedial rather than prevention. But because this issue is critical, then we should do everything to limit and reduce the acts. The way we could reduce it is to implement strict controls. Things such as regulation in companies and school, laws for government will surely help.
Campaign = The campaign should be made by authoritative and trusted institution featuring a number diverse of public speaker telling the audience to stop discriminating LGBT people. This way, we could utilize the peripheral route of persuasion to persuade people. Peripheral route of persuasion is the way of persuasion using likelihood (attractiveness, religion, ethnic, etc).
Using Contact hypothesis to generate classroom, team, etc = By matching LGBT people and Non-LGBT people in the same group at work or school that leads to increasing level of interpersonal contact. This method is proven effectively reduce prejudice. When this concept is implemented since young, then the children will become less prejudice when they are older.
So, those are several efforts that governments and institutions could do to solve this crucial problem. I hope, with this post, I could spread the awareness of this problem, and encourage other people together to overcome this issue. Thank you for reading!
REFERENCES AND SUPPORTING ARTICLES
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cios.org/encyclopedia/persuasion/Helaboration_2routes.htm
Contact hypothesis. (2018, February 10). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contact_hypothesis
Discrimination. (2018, February 10). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrimination
Gaertner, S. L., Rust, M. C., Dovidio, J. F., Bachman, B. A., & Anastasio, P. A. (n.d.). The Contact Hypothesis: The Role of a Common Ingroup Identity on Reducing Intergroup Bias among Majority and Minority Group Members. What’s Social about Social Cognition? Research on Socially Shared Cognition in Small Groups, 230-260. doi:10.4135/9781483327648.n10
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health. (2017, June 21). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/lgbthealth/youth.htm
McLeod, S. (1970, January 01). Saul McLeod. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/prejudice.html
Schema (psychology). (2018, February 10). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_(psychology